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Did Less Is More - A Day In Black And White - Notes use this instructable in your classroom? Add a Teacher Note to share how you incorporated it into your lesson. Before we start taking photos of things we think will look good in black and white, we need to be able to think in black and white.
How do we do this? The following are a few areas to think about before you should click your shutter button. Light Learn how light works. Photography is the art of capturing light. Wondrous Stories - Yes - Yesshows light, there would be no photography. The basic light principles have been the same since the first cameras came about. A medium, either film or a sensor captures light changed over time.
Seeing how light is hitting the subject wil affect contrast. Brighter environments then Wild In The Country - Elvis Presley - The Gold Collection Volume 3 provide lighter tones of gray to white, and the opposite is true, less light appears darker or black in black and white photography.
Remember you can control light with your shutter, aperture, and ISO Color Black Less Is More - A Day In Black And White - Notes white photos are not just black and white, there are many shades or tones of gray.
Thus, when thinking about black and white compositions, remember that colors will be implied and exist. Colors could be used to your advantage. Color tones could be altered when converting to black and white. With the example image, the green moss is not present in the photo due to it being a dark shade of green. If the photo was colored, the rocks would not be as striking as the green moss will become more of a distraction. Contrast In black and white photography, there are no colors. Everything is presented as white, tones of gray and black.
Try to see the world or find subjects with in terms of contrast. Contrast is defined as the difference between the tones. Photos with high contrast means there is a lot of white and blacks, but very little shades of gray. Low contrast photos appear mostly black or white with some grey. Most photos are just normal contrast with a mix of black, white and grey tones.
How do we see this contrast played out in the color worked? Many photographers prefer high contrast black and white photos as they create a stronger subject. However, lower contrast photos can also be useful in softening the subject. The photo example is a high contrast photo. High contrast photos tend to provide very striking outlines of the subject. The black rocks are being outlined by the white mist of the water.
Composition wise, the black rocks in the mist creates an atmosphere of mystery. Simplicity My opinion is less is more with the photo composition. Try not to clutter the The Chance - Helloween - Pink Bubbles Go Ape with too many details.
A single strong subject is easier on the eyes when creating a message or story. This is more true for black and white.
A beautiful and vivid landscape will be various shades of gray in black and white and may be more confusing in black and white. Post Processing Have an idea on how you plan to process the photo since what you see when you take the photo, might not represent what you want as your final result. Have these things in mind and composing a better black and white photo will be easier. These are not all the things to consider about black and white composition, but its a start to get you thinking in black and white.
Remember to practice and figure out what works for you. Take Color Photos Do not be tempted to just set your camera to black and white in the settings. Take the photos in color. First, this will allow you more practice to visualize your composition in black and white without the aid of what your camera telling you how a monochromatic photo "should" look like.
Second, by taking the photo in color, you preserve all the color tones, white balance and exposure. This will allow greater range of post process editing compared to editing an already black and white photo that came off that camera. When you take a photo in black Less Is More - A Day In Black And White - Notes white, all the color tones will be discarded leaving less information for the post processing software to use.
If you do not intend in editing your photos, then you can shoot in black and white. Shoot in Raw If your camera supports Raw format, use that format instead of the jpeg format. Just as shooting in color, Cure For Pain - Various - Audiology Of 15 Years Volume 1: Classic Tunes format preserves more of the photo's information.
Raw format is essentially the raw data collected from the camera's sensor with all of the camera's settings. This will allow a greater range in post processing. Jpegs are compressed photos, so many of the image's information will be lost during jpeg processing done by the camera.
There are plenty of websites out there that shows how many stops of light or amount of color tones are lost during jpg compression compared to the raw format. All dslrs and some high end point and shoot cameras will allow this format. The downside to shooting Raw is that not all photo editing software supports raw formats. The image example was shot in raw and was a tad underexposed due to the window. Because raw formats preserve more sensor information, I can fix the exposure in Lightroom with the recovery slider.
With this correction ability from Raw, we can see the contrast between the bright window and the dark stairs. Now that we have an idea of how black and white photography works, what are some things we can Love Boat Captain - Pearl Jam - 6.3.06 E. Rutheford (File) in black and white photography? Read on to find out. Low key and high key are two popular techniques people use in black and white photography.
Low key photos are mainly black or of darker shades of gray. The small bits of white in low key photos draw the viewer towards the subject. In this example, the harsh light hits the wall, and the light reflection reveal to us the contours of our subject.
This is an easy way to create interesting photos at night without the need to run high ISOs or slow shutter speeds. High key is the exact opposite of low key. High key photos are predominantly white or lighter shades of gray. The darker areas draw the viewer to the subject for high key photos. High key in the example can be used for abstract art as a predominately white photo can be devoid of details.
The focus can be on the abstract lines or patterns that are darker. Black and white photography at times can reduce elements that are distracting in our composition by controlling the light and colors. Black and white can also hide noise problems due to high ISO usage. Here are a few examples of what I mean.
The first photo is a night of San Francisco from Pier 7. If you do a search of pier 7 on google, you will find a lot of photos showing the skyline and the pier. Some of these photos may appear cluttered especially at night with all the colors and light from the building.
However, I wanted Less Is More - A Day In Black And White - Notes take a photo that showed more of the pier. By underexposing and converting to black and white, the distant skyline fades into the background, but the light from the foreground lights up the details of the pier. You can see the planks on the pier and the slabs of wood used on the benches.
The without the skyline as a distraction, we can easily see the leading lines created by the lights. In the second photo example, this is a photo of San Francisco from Sausalito.
The clouds are moving in as if rain is coming. For this photo, i wanted the clouds to be the center of attention. By converting to black and white, we can really see the clouds pop out. Normally, when we observe a scene where it is about to rain, we see the colors of the water, the colors of the buildings, bits of blue sky peaking through the clouds.
When we remove the colors and convert to black and white, we see contrast. The strong contrast between the rain clouds, white clouds and the sun cutting through Less Is More - A Day In Black And White - Notes sky creates a situation of high contrast. The high contrast gives the clouds that stunning pop in black and white. For the third photo, we can use black and white to hide color noise. The photo was shot at ISO So there was some noise.
By converting it to black and white, the color noise becomes a fine grain reminiscent of film. This can be a great way to create elegant low light photos while giving it a film feel. While we saw that black and white photography can be used to reduce distractions, we can also use black and white photography to increase emphasis towards the subject. This is particularly useful with high contrast. The dark shadow of the coffee cup against the brightly lit chair allows us to focus on the cup even though the cup is off to the side of the photo.
In the second photo, the great contrast between the white cat fur, the black eyes and the black background draws the viewer towards the cat's eyes and face. In this photo, a side Less Is More - A Day In Black And White - Notes is coming in from the left side of the photo lighting the cat's white fur while the rest of the subject and background was dark.
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